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Your shoulder may be the largest ball-and-socket joint in your body, but that doesn’t mean it can’t experience some of the most common and complex sports injuries around. Injuries to the shoulder joint are very common, especially among young athletes who play contact sports such as soccer or hockey. A shoulder dislocation occurs when the head of the upper arm bone (the humerus) comes out of the socket on the shoulder blade where it normally resides. There are several types of shoulder injuries, including impingement syndrome and labrum tears, but by far the most common cause of shoulder pain in young people between 15 and 30 years old is what’s called a Bankart tear or shoulder dislocation.
What is a Shoulder Dislocation?
A shoulder dislocation is when the head of the upper arm bone comes out of the socket of the shoulder blade. This can be classified as either an anterior or posterior shoulder dislocation. When this happens, it leaves the arm bone loose and is susceptible to additional dislocations.
What is a Bankart Tear?
How do these two conditions relate to each other?
The glenoid labrum acts as a chock-block or wedge to prevent the humeral head from rolling off the glenoid and acts as a static stabilizer through a buttress effect. A bankart tear occurs as a result of shoulder dislocation. When the shoulder dislocates, the ligament and labrum that holds the ball of the humerus in place may be torn. The most common age group for this injury is teenagers, especially those who are active in sports and have a 90% chance for recurrence at age <20. The younger the age more the chances of recurrent dislocations.
What are the symptoms of Bankart Tear?
Acute reduction, immobilization, followed by physiotherapy